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Professor George Smoot leads a group at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory and the University of California at Berkeley in observing the galaxy and the cosmic background radiation caused by the fiery beginning of the universe. He was co-awarded the 2006 Nobel Prize in Physics "for discovery of the blackbody form and anisotropy of the cosmic microwave background radiation.” Professor Smoot is an author of more than 200 science papers and is co-author of the popularized scientific book Wrinkles in Time.
Smoot received Bachelor degrees in mathematics and physics and a Ph.D. in physics from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology.
Professor Ketterle is Associate Director, Research Laboratory of Electronics, Director, MIT-Harvard Center for Ultracold Atoms, and the John D. MacArthur Professor of Physics at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Prof Ketterle won the Nobel Prize in physics in 2001 for the achievement of Bose-Einstein condensation in dilute gases of alkali atoms, and for early fundamental studies of the properties of the condensates. His more recent achievements have included the creation of a molecular Bose condensate, an experiment providing evidence for "high temperature" super fluidity in a fermionic condensate, and Bose-Einstein condensation in synthetic magnetic fields.
Ketterle received his Master’s and Ph.D. in physics from the Technical University of Munich